has a brain of the first order. He sits motionless,
like a spider in the centre of its web, but that web
has a thousand radiations, and he knows well every quiver
of each of them. He does little himself. He only plans.
But his agents are numerous and splendidly organized." -- Holmes regarding Moriarty (FINA).
course, in addition to their immediate physical surroundings,
Holmes and Watson had their regular interactions with
other individuals. Although Holmes admits he "was
never a very sociable fellow" (GLOR),
he nevertheless had met with several individuals on
an irregular basis, who are listed below. Watson, too,
being a more sociable fellow certainly had acquaintances
outside of Holmes, but in his role as case biographer,
he identifies very few social relations. Many acquaintances he shared
with Holmes (since, obviously, they spent a lot of time
together and shared rooms).
Mrs. Martha Hudson (the landlady)
- The Maid
- Billy, the pageboy (and, perhaps, an earlier nameless
- The short-lived (but old) terrier
- The (extremely short-lived) bull pup
in the annuals, Mrs. Turner (SCAN)
brings Holmes a tray. Although others have surmised
that the disappearing Mrs. Turner was the landlady,
this was clearly the role of Mrs. Martha Hudson, a widower,
who appears in so many of Watson's accounts. At various
times, the suite had a maid, a pageboy named Billy (VALL,
MAZA), and at least two cooks (as the
"new" cook is introduced in THOR).
Therefore, Mrs. Turner was probably the first cook (maids
were usually younger, single women). Mrs. Hudson was
either busy attending to her other duties or running
her errands. It is unlikely Mrs. Turner was a different
landlady who then sold the property to Mrs. Hudson;
although a plausible alternative is that Mrs. Turner
was a friend looking after the premises while Mrs. Hudson
was traveling. It is important to note that the maid,
page, and perhaps the cook probably were not employed
continuously at the premises the entire time Holmes
(and Watson) were there. Indeed, in NAVA,
Mrs. Hudson is cooking; so either she had let
her cook go or the cook was on vacation.
Bull Terrier (left) and English bulldog (right)
Hudson (named only as "the Landlady"
had an old and sickly terrier that she asked Dr.
Watson to put down. Holmes relieved it of its
misery by poisoning it and this aided him in solving
Watson says he "keeps a bull pup," the
pup either died immediately before or just after
Watson moved into 221b, or, more likely, the pup
ran away after the move or Watson found he could
not keep the pup in the confining space of 221b and gave
it to another individual. The dog is nevermore
mentioned after its initial introduction.
- H. Watson (deceased)
- H.W. Watson (deceased)
- Mary Morstan
had a senior brother in London (seven years older
than Sherlock), named Mycroft whom he rarely saw
because Mycroft "has his rails and he runs
on them" (BRUC).
However, Sherlock does note that Mycroft's powers
of observation are superior to his own.
H. Watson was Dr. Watson's father, and H.W. was Watson's brother (both deceased). See Watson's family for further details.
Morstan was the (first) wife of Dr. Watson. She died
after an illness. Speculation abounds as to how many
women Watson married (the highest guess appears to be five).
Many scholars agree on two.
married to Mary, Watson also had
a maid and a serving girl (his wife gave notice to the
- Dr. Jackson
had two colleagues who took over his practice while
he was away on various errands [during his marriage(s)
when he was not living at Baker Street] namely Dr. Anstruther
(BOSC) and Dr.
Jackson. These two doctors would have had to have lived
in Watson's general vicinity in the Paddington district
to serve Watson's clients in addition to their own established
practices. One (or both) lived directly next door to
However, it is most likely that Dr. Anstruther and Dr.
Farquhar were the two elder doctors who started their
practices at, relatively, the same time in adjoining
houses (see STOC).
Dr. Farquhar, as Watson relates, was affected by some
"affliction of the nature of St. Vitus's dance,"
and so, he sold his practice to Watson (while his neighbor
continued on). As Dr. Anstruther was also getting on
in years, he must have eventually sold his practice,
too. And, it is likely he sold it to the Dr. Jackson
mentioned in CROO.
Watson returned their assistance by taking up their practices
when they were gone.
Colonel Hayter - Hayter came under Watson's care (either because
he was wounded or for general health checkups) in Afghanistan.
Hayter later took a house near Reigate, in Surrey. Holmes
goes with Watson to Hayer's house to convalesce in REIG.
Mr. Victor Trevor - Holmes' only friend during college.
They bonded during a 10-day convalescence when Holmes
had been bitten by Trevor's bulldog on the ankle. Trevor's
family hailed from Donnithorpe (in Norfolk) and played
a significant part in the GLOR
case and the beginning of Holmes' career. Trevor later
moved to Terai, India in the tea-planting business.
Mr. Reginald Musgrave - Musgrave (of Western Sussex)
was only a slight acquaintance of Holmes during college,
but they did know each other. Musgrave features prominently
Percy "Tadpole" Phelps, a nervous, sensitive
boy who went to school with Watson. They were the same
age, but Percy was two forms in front of Watson. Considered
by Watson to be "brilliant." Percy won scholarship
to Cambridge; and his relatives were well-placed (including
his uncle, who was a lord). He later went on to work
for the Foreign Office and plays a central role in NAVA.
with whom Holmes Worked or who were otherwise involved
in his Cases
Scotland Yard located at 4 Whitehall Place
(technically, the back entrance was Scotland Yard, used
by visitors to see the Commissioners)
Bardle of the Sussex Constabulary - "a steady,
solid, bovine man with thoughtful eyes" (LION).
Barton - in charge of the case of the disappearance
of Mr. Neville
St Clair (TWIS).
Inspector Baynes of the Surrey Constabulary. Watson
says, "The country detective was a stout, puffy,
red man, whose face was only redeemed from grossness
by two extraordinarily bright eyes, almost hidden
behind the heavy creases of cheek and brow."
Inspector Bradstreet of Scotland Yard, B Division -
a tall, stout official (TWIS,
there were 8 Divisions, staffed by companies,
each with a designated letter of the alphabet, and
with a Superintendent in charge. These were later
extended as the force expanded:
B - Chelsea
C - Mayfair and Soho
D - Marylebone
E - Holborn
F - Kensington
G - Kings Cross
H - Stepney
K - West Ham
L - Lambeth
M - Southwark
N - Islington
P - Peckham
R - Greenwich
S - Hampstead
T - Hammersmith
V - Wandsworth
Sam Brown - an Inspector assisting with looking for
the Agra Treasure (SIGN).
-Inspector Dubique of the Paris Police (NAVA).
Inspector Forbes of Scotland Yard, "a small,
foxy man with a sharp but by no means amiable expression"
who was "decidedly frigid" towards Holmes
& Watson. He was young, inexperienced, and new to his
Inspector Forrester of Surrey - a "smart, keen-faced
young fellow" who invited Holmes to look into
the matter of the murder of William Kirwan (REIG).
Inspector Gregory - "a man who was rapidly
making his name in the English detective service"
and who had invited Holmes to look into the matter
of Silver Blaze. Of him, Holmes said he was "an
extremely competent officer. Were he but gifted
with imagination he might rise to great heights
in his profession." (SILV).
Inspector Tobias Gregson of Scotland Yard - white-faced,
flaxen-haired (fair-haired), fat (or at least has fat
hands), gallant, and ("within his limitations")
a capable officer. Described by Holmes as "the
smartest of the Scotland Yarders. He and Lestrade are
the pick of a bad lot. They are both quick and energetic,
but conventional - shockingly so. They have their knives
into one another, too. They are as jealous as a pair
of professional beauties." (STUD,
SIGN, GREE, WIST, REDC).
Inspector Hill - A Scotland Yard Inspector whose specialty
is the Italian Quarter and Saffron Hill. It was he who
identified the dead Pietro Venucci (SIXN).
Inspector Stanley Hopkins of Scotland Yard - He
was a "young police inspector for whose future
Holmes had high hopes," but Holmes later says
"Stanley Hopkins' methods do not commend themselves
to me. I am disappointed in Stanley Hopkins. I had
hoped for better things from him"
(BLAC, GOLD, ABBE).
Inspector Athelney Jones of Scotland Yard - A well-known
and "energetic" detective (SIGN).
Mr. Peter Jones, Police Agent of Scotland Yard (may
be the same as Athelney Jones): bulky and described
by Holmes as "an absolute imbecile in his profession.
He has one positive virtue. He is as brave as a bulldog,
and as tenacious as a lobster if he gets his claws upon
Inspector Lanner of Scotland Yard who appears only once
but Holmes obviously knows him from other investigations
Inspector Lestrade of Scotland Yard who is variously
described as: sallow, rat-faced, dark-eyed, conventional,
obtuse, resolute, quick, energetic, jealous, dapper,
small & wiry bulldog, lean, ferret-like, furtive,
HOUN, BOSC, NOBL, CARD, EMPT, NORW, CHAR, SIXN,
SECO, BRUC, LADY, 3GAR). Holmes comes
to be on good enough terms with Lestrade to offer
him spirits and a cigar when he comes to discuss
a case in
NOBL (although, it is worth noting
that in the same interview, Holmes verbally ill
treats Lestrade because of his detecting blunders).
Inspector Alec MacDonald of Scotland Yard who later
achieved national fame. He was a young, trusted, and
distinguished Scotsman originally of Aberdeen. Watson
describes him: "His tall, bony figure gave promise
of exceptional physical strength, while his great cranium
and deep-set, lustrous eyes spoke no less clearly of
the keen intelligence which twinkled out from behind
his bushy eyebrows. He was a silent, precise man, with
a dour nature and a hard Aberdonian accent." Holmes
addresses him as "Mr. Mac." (VALL)
MacKinnon - a "smart young police inspector"
of Scotland Yard (RETI).
Martin - "A dapper little man, with a quick,
alert manner and a waxed moustache." He was a "trim"
country inspector from the Norfolk Constabulary (DANC).
Merivale of Scotland Yard who asked Holmes to look into
the St. Pancras
Montgomery of Scotland Yard who took the testimony of
Jim Browner at the Shadwell Police Station (CARD).
Inspector Morton of Scotland Yard - an old acquaintance
of Holmes and Watson, he aided Holmes catching the murderer
of Victor Savage. Dresses in unofficial tweeds (DYIN).
Inspector Patterson of London, who was assisted by Holmes
in the matter of catching Moriarty's gang. He had a
secret drop with Holmes called "pigeonhole M."
- Fritz von Waldbaum (a well-known "specialist" of Dantzig) (NAVA).
Inspector Youghal of the Criminal Investigation Department
(C.I.D.), which, incidentally was sent up in 1878. (MAZA)
Assistants of Holmes
Cartwright (14 years old) works at the District Messenger's
Office and sometimes assists Holmes when called upon
such as delivering food to a incognito Holmes on the
Wiggins (the leader) and the other (roughly 6) street
Arabs (including one named Simpson) that make up the
"Baker Street Division of the Detective Police
Force" or the "Baker Street Irregulars"
also known as the "Baker Street boys" (CROO).
In CROO, Holmes
notes that he has "one of my Baker Street boys
[Simpson] mounting guard over [Corporal Henry Wood]
who would stick to [Wood] like a burr, go where he might."
Mr. Murray - Watson's devoted and courageous orderly (in
the 2nd Afghan War) "who threw [Watson] across
a packhorse, and succeeded in bringing [him] safely to
the British lines" (SIGN).
Mr. Stamford, who had been a dresser under Watson at
Barts and who passed intermittently through the hospital
laboratory, introduced Watson and Holmes when they were
both searching for someone to share rooms (STUD).
Dr. James Moriarty - of good birth and excellent
education, with a "phenomenal mathematical
faculty. At the age of 21 he wrote a treatise upon
the Binomial Theorem" (FINA). He had a brother
who survived him, Colonel James Moriarty. Dr. Moriarty
had diabolical hereditary tendencies, as a criminal
strain ran in the blood. He had "extraordinary
mental powers" according to Holmes. He resigned
his mathematical chair at a small university in
London after rumours spread. He went on to become
a tutor for Army candidates. He was the "Napoleon
of crime." He organized "half that is
evil and nearly all that is undetected" in
London. He had many, well-organized agents to carry
out his careful planning. In appearance, he was
clean-shaven, pale, ascetic-looking, with rounded
shoulders from study and puckered eyes. "His
face protrudes forward and is forever slowly oscillating
from side to side in a curiously reptilian fashion."
He carries a memorandum book with him.
on Scotland Yard from Metropolitan